PPDGJ: Assignment M6 LA1, JOB DESCRIPTION, TEACHER, SCIENTIST


Assignment M6 LA1

1.    Find two written report texts on jobs and analyze the differences and similarities between them. You can use table in Task 3 to help you with the analysis.
2.   Find two videos(s) on short report of jobs/professions then compare the features in terms of their social functions and the way the texts are structured with the written ones.

Teacher
Teacher or educator is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values. Formally, the teacher is everyone who teaches in the public or private school and has the ability based on their educational background.
Teacher is a term which generally refers to professional educators whose tasks are educating, teaching, guiding, directing, training, and measuring students’ ability in a formal teaching process. However, the teachers professional duty may be beyond formal teaching. Outside of the classroom, sometimes they should accompany students on field trips, supervise study halls, help with the organization of school functions, and serve as supervisors for extracurricular activities. In some education systems, teachers have also responsibility for student discipline.

Scientist
Scientist is a person engaging in a systematic observation based on a scientific method to acquire knowledge that describes and predicts the natural phenomenon. This activity is commonly known as “research”.  The scientist can be an expert in one or more areas of science.
Scientists do the research because of various reasons. Many of them do the research to understand why the world is as we see it and how it came to be. They have a strong curiosity about reality. Others are motivated by their peers and prestige, or the desire to apply their scientific knowledge for the benefit of health, nations, world, nature or industries (academic scientist and industrial scientist). Scientists tend to be less motivated by direct financial reward for their work. As a result, scientific researchers often accept lower average salaries compared with many other prestigious jobs.


Jobs
What are they
Where / work
Tasks
Work with whom / what
Teacher
a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values
At school, educational center
educating, teaching, guiding, directing, training, and measuring students’ ability in a formal teaching process

School  staffs, school comittee, regional education officers
Scientist
a person engaging in a systematic observation based on a scientific method to acquire knowledge that describes and predicts the natural phenomenon
At laboratory, at field
Doing researchs on natural or social phenomenons
Laboratory workers, research department workers

1.    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yj24JwZVd54 Accountant Jobs - What is Accounting ?
2.    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S0iIR-N_FRc Environmental Biologist - Cool Jobs

Comparison

Written report
Spoken report
Social function
Describing the way things are; a phenomena (jobs: teacher and scientist)
Describing the way things are; a phenomena (jobs: accountant and environmental biologist)
Text structure
·      General classificaation
Ø Telling what the phenomenon (jobs) under discussion is
·      Description
Ø Both explain about the functions, tasks they do, and where and whom they work with
·      Lexicogrammaticaal features
Ø Focus on generic participants
Ø Use of relational processes to state what is and that which it is
Ø Use of simple present tense
Ø No temporal sequence
·      General classificaation
Ø  Telling what the phenomenon (jobs) under discussion is
·      Description
Ø Accountant: explain about the functions (definition / what are they), tasks they do (doing a business stuff for profit), and where (in company) and whom they work with (managerial-internal, financial-external, and tax-government
Ø Environmental biologist: It is described by first person perspective. He explains what he is, where he works, his tasks, and whom he works with by directly showing his experiments, places,  tools used and examples both in the field or in the laboratorium
·      Lexicogrammaticaal features
Ø Focus on generic participants
Ø Use of relational processes to state what is and that which it is
Ø Use of simple present tense
Ø No temporal sequence
Conclusion: generally both written and spoken reports have the same purposes; to describe the way things are; phenomenon. The text structures are also generally same. Except, the second video, it describes the phenomena by first person perspective.


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