FORMATIF M3 LA 3. BIOGRAPHY
Text 2 for Question 6 - 10
Keith Campbell, a prominent biologist who worked on cloning Dolly the sheep, died at 58, the University of Nottingham said Thursday. Campbell, who had worked on animal improvement and cloning since 1999, died October 5, 2012, University spokesman Tim Utton said. He did not specify the cause, only saying that Campbell had worked at the University until his death.
He began researching animal cloning at the Roslin Institute near Edinburgh in 1991. In 1996 the experiments led to the birth of Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell. The sheep was named after the voluptuous singer Dolly Parton. Researchers at the time said that the sheep was created from a mammary gland cell, and that Parton offered an excellent example.
The creation of the sheep captured the public imagination and instantly became a scientific sensation. The experiments drew not only admiration but also anger from some who raised questions about the ethics of cloning. Animal rights activists were outraged, while the Church of England expressed reservations. Dolly was put down in
2003 after she developed a lung disease. Campbell's interest in cellular growth dated back to his college days studying microbiology in London.
What can be inferred from the text?
a. the research endangered sheep
b. microbiology has a vital contribution
c. cloning was not needed
d. sheep reservation was just more important
Why was the sheep named after Dolly Parton?
a. She was a voluptuous singer
b. The mammary gland cell was taken from her
c. She was the one who inspired the researchers
d. The researchers admired her
Which word of the following is closest in meaning to voluptuous?
Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?
a. Campbell focused his research dealing with humans
b. Campbell started researching animal cloning as his experiments
c. Campbell stopped working because of his sickness
d. Campbell never felt leaving for the university
Why did the experiments not draw admiration perfectly?
a. Animal rights activists were outraged
b. The experiments did not show the representative results of the cloning ethics
c. The public imagination became a scientific sensation
d. Some people felt dissatisfied with the experiment results
Text 1 for question 1-5
Noam Chomsky was born on December 7, 1928, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His undergraduate and graduate years were spent at the University of Pennsylvania where he received his PhD in linguistics in 1955. During the years 1951 to 1955, Chomsky was a Junior Fellow of the Harvard University Society of Fellows. While a Junior Fellow he completed his doctoral dissertation, entitled "Tran sformational Analysis." The major theoretical viewpoints of the dissertation appeared in the monograph "Syntactic Structure," which was published in 1957. This formed part of a more extensive work, "The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory," circulated in mimeograph in 1955 and published in 1975.
Chomsky joined the staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955 and in 1961 was appointed full professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics (now the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy.) From 1966 to 1976 he held the Ferrari P. Ward Professorship of Modern Languages and Linguistics. In 1976 he was appointed Institute Professor.
During the years 1958 to 1959 Chomsky was in residence at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, N.J. In the spring of 1969 he delivered the John Locke Lectures at Oxford; in January 1970 he delivered the Bertrand Russell Memorial Lecture at Cambridge University; in 1972, the Nehru Memorial Lecture in New Delhi, and in 1977, the Huizinga Lecture in Leiden, among many others.
Professor Chomsky has received honorary degrees from University of London, University of Chicago, Loyola University of Chicago, Swarthmore College, Delhi University, Bard College, University of Massachusetts, University of Pennsylvania, Georgetown University, Amherst College, Cambridge University, University of Buenos Aires, McGill University, Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Tarragona, Columbia University, University of Connecticut, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, University of Western Ontario, University of Toronto, Harvard University, University of Calcutta, and Universidad Nacional De Colombia. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Science. In addition, he is a member of other professional and learned societies in the United States and abroad, and is a recipient of the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award of the American Psychological Association, the Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences, the Helmholtz Medal, the Dorothy Eldridge Peacemaker Award, the Ben Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science, and others.
Chomsky has written and lectured widely on linguistics, philosophy, intellectual history, contemporary issues, international affairs and U.S. foreign policy. His works include Aspects of the Theory of Syntax; Cartesian Linguistics; Sound Pattern of English (with Morris Halle); Language and Mind
Which of the following is TRUE according to the text?
a. Chomsky frequently got fellowship in his study.
b. Chomsky was awarded more than ten awards
c. Chomsky focused his interest on linguistics
d. Chomsky got the success easily
What is it that made Chomsky a prominent figure in Linguistics?
a. His brilliant ideas in Syntactic Structure
b. The widely used theories in linguistics, philosophy, and history
c. The awards he earned in various fields
d. The extensive work circulated in mimeograph in 1955 and published in 1975
Which is NOT true according to the text?
a. Chomsky has written widely on Linguistics
b. Chomsky was awarded more than five awards.
c. Chomsky has got the success since he was young.
d. Chomsky's success was because of his skill in writing
How long did Chomsky need to be a full professor after the graduation?
a. four years
b. three years
c. six years
d. two years
The word fellow appeared several times in the text, the closest meaning of it is
a. fresh graduate
b. senior comrade
c. associate professor
d. member of a body
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