PPDGJ: Sumatif Test Modul 1 Profesional PPG Daljab Bahasa Inggris


Text 1
In the past two years the threat of cane toads to the Top-End of Australia has become an increasing reality. Their numbers continue to steadily increase in Kakadu National Park and they are causing damage to this pristine environment. There is a number of factors to discuss how such a threat happens and this will be seen, firstly by discussing the characteristics of cane toads and then, examining their predicted long term effects on the animals of Kakadu and the tourist industry.

11. The text mainly discusses ....
the endangered pristine environment
the endangered can toads
the over-populated can toads
the over-populated animals in Kakadu

Question 12 (1 point)
When the text continues the following paragraph will likely start with which of the following sentence?
Kakadu National Park is the most endangered open space in Australia due to the over population of cane toads.
Because there is limited data available on the effects of cane toads on goanna frogs and crocodiles these animals won't be discussed further.
In the long term cane toads won't survive any longer in Kakadu National Park.
In comparison with native frogs, adult cane toads have a distinctive head and face.

Question 13 (1 point)
The word pristine in the text has closest meaning to....
Question 13 options:
huge
important
uninhabited
unspoiled

Question 14 (1 point)
When another paragraph is made, which of the sentences below will likely be suitable to start it?
Kakadu is the largest national park in Australia where cane toads wildly survive.
The endangered animals should be kept survived by well-planned cultivation program.
Another severe threat will also endanger the habitat of typical Australian animals.
In the long term Australia will have to eradicate other destructive animals like cane toads.


Text 2
Fruit is an important part of a healthy diet. However, recently, people are eating less fruit because it is becoming more expensive. This paper will argue three factors which significantly play their roles in this discussion. Firstly, it will identify key terms in the literature around food prices. Secondly, the paper will focus on fruit, and examine its role in healthy diets and evaluate recent consumption of such important crops for healthy living.

The main idea of the text is that....
fruit is good to consume for a healthy diet
people are recently eating less fruit
high price mainly causes low consumption of fruit
unlike any kind of vegetables fruit is healthy

Question 16 (1 point)
When the text continues, the following paragraph will likely start with which of the following sentences
The rise of food prices in the last five years is indisputable.
Current fresh fruit consumption trends suggest that this perishable price hike is having a negative impact on health.
The perishable price hike has to do with what they call the diminishing farmer population.
The price of fresh food like fruit and vegetables increases further than the price of non-perishable items.

Question 17 (1 point)
The word its in the text refers to....
fruit
healthy diet
the paper
price

Question 18 (1 point)
Which sentence will likely appear in the concluding paragraph of the text?
They claim that fruit is a great way to access essential vitamins and minerals and that if people are not getting these vitamins and minerals then the health impacts could be devastating.
There are many different types of healthy fruits for diet such as oranges lemons cherries apples and pears.
Experts say that more economic development is needed so that people can have access to the money they need to buy the food to keep them healthy.
The evidence suggests that as a result of this people are not eating as much fruit as they were five years ago.

Question 19 (1 point)
Traveling and visiting new countries can be an extremely thrilling experience. I usually prefer to take guided tours to explore a new destination. By so doing, I get a chance to visit its most significant landmarks, get to meet tourists from other countries and learn about the city's most popular and authentic restaurants.

The word thrilling in the text has closes meaning to....
exciting
exhausting
threatening
magnifying

Question 20 (1 point)
The next paragraph will probably begin with which of the sentences below?
The tours are usually organized to cover many important places including buildings and open places.
The other reason to prompt me in taking tour buses is the opportunity to meet other tourists.
Upon joining professional excursions tourists discover the prominent cultural and historical buildings in cities such as monuments parks and palaces.
The tourists may get to visit all the salient landmarks learn about other cultures and get familiar with popular restaurants.

Question 21 (1 point)

Which of the sentences below will probably appear in the concluding paragraph?
Under certain circumstances backpacking tours are cheaper than guided excursions.
Sharing the experience and spending time together gets you close to other people from different nationalities.
There is an increasing number of tourists visiting more interesting destination in the globe.
Although backpacking tourists may be cheap taking professional excursions is worth the cost of it.

Question 22 (1 point)
(1)   Education means considerably more than just teaching a student to read, write, and manipulate numbers. Computers, the Internet, and advanced electronic devices are becoming essential in everyday life and have changed the way information is gathered. How this new technology is utilized in the curriculum and managed by teachers will have an important role to play in widening the resource and knowledge base for all students. Technology affects the way teachers teach and students learn. To make the best use of information technology (IT), schools need a workable plan to fully integrate it into all aspects of the curriculum so students are taught how, why, and when to use technology to further enhance their learning.
(2)  If a school does not have a clear plan of how and why it wishes to implement IT, then it runs the risk of wasting money. In schools today, nearly all classrooms have access to a computer. However, many schools mistake this as incorporating information technology into the curriculum. School staff need to research what IT is available and what would best serve the school's purpose, not simply purchase the latest equipment. There should be a policy stating how IT is going to assist pupils' development and what teachers want pupils to achieve. Staff members need to be clear about what they want IT to do for them before they can start incorporating it into their lessons.
(3)  Information technology will be significantly useful to schools when all staff members are well-informed and fully supported. It is the principal's responsibility, and should be part of the school's plan to ensure that all staff are consulted about the changes, and the change is carefully organized. Some teachers may be resistant, especially if they have not had much experience with computers. So training teachers is essential in implementing IT into the school curriculum. Staff members must feel involved in the process of acquiring technology, and in learning how to operate it, in order for them to increase their confidence in using IT as a curriculum tool. Teachers are only going to be able to incorporate IT into their lessons if they are competent users themselves.
(4)  In addition, teachers need to be aware that IT within the classroom is extremely flexible. Therefore, they need to plan what purpose IT serves in each lesson. The skills a child learns are the important part of any lesson, and it is the same with technology. IT needs to be used and understood in all subjects in the same way as the ability to read is necessary for all subjects, and "must be used across the curriculum, in the same way that a pen and pencil are used in most subject areas" .The best way to plan the use of IT in the classroom is to approach it as simply a learning tool that is more advanced (and more exciting) than the traditional pen and paper. It is vitally important for students to be taught the strategies for using IT. Children also need to be fully informed about the capabilities of IT before being asked to use it. Pupils should be aware that the contexts in which they use IT will change, and they need to know what the appropriate use of IT is and what is not. Whilst it is important that children learn to use IT effectively, teachers must emphasize that IT is not always suitable. According to experts the danger is that "computer dehumanizes people and inevitably leads them to act like machines themselves". Teachers must make sure they plan to use variety in their lessons. Too much IT instruction may be just as harmful to a child as not enough.
(5)  The usefulness of IT in the classroom, as with any learning tool, depends on the innovation and imagination of the teacher. It is imperative, though, that the implementation of IT into a school is carefully planned. The current information explosion makes it essential that IT be used extensively within the classroom so children know how to use IT appropriately and effectively. Teachers must, therefore, be fully informed about what kinds of IT are available and whether or not they are appropriate for classroom use. School boards and teachers must therefore ensure that all staff have a clear plan about what they want their students to achieve through IT. The appropriate incorporation of IT into the classroom will broaden the minds and skills of students, allowing them to be better prepared for further technological advances.

The text is mainly discussing ....
the way how information is gathered using internet access
the way how to utilize information and technology in education
the role of information and technology in education
the advancement of information and technology

Question 23 (1 point)
 Paragraph 2 is mainly talking about....
the need to conduct a research to implement IT at schools
the need to make a policy how to implement IT at schools
the need to clarify what kind of IT to implement at schools
the need of having clear plans to implement IT at schools

Question 24 (1 point)
Which one is NOT TRUE according to the text?
Teachers should widen their knowledge about the students.
Internet changes the way information is gathered.
Schools should make a clear plan to integrate IT into all aspects of education.
Without clear plans schools may waste a lot of money to implement IT.

Question 25 (1 point)
The word manipulate in paragraph 1 has closest meaning to...
utilize
operate
calculate
change

Question 26 (1 point)
The word inevitably in paragraph 4 has closest meaning to....
unhappily
unaccountably
unavoidably
unnecessarily

Question 27 (1 point)
 The word them in paragraph 4 refers to....
machines
teachers
people
experts

Question 28 (1 point)
 Where will you probably find the above text?
Journal of technology.
Pop magazines.
Newspaper.
Text books of school management.

Question 29 (1 point)
Which one is TRUE according to the text?
Teachers may not make necessary plans because IT may take over it.
IT application in all subjects is vital because it is simple as a learning tool.
Teachers must acknowledge that IT may not be suitable at any time.
IT application across the curriculum is similar to the use of a pen to write.

Question 30 (1 point)
 What does the text strongly recommend?
A careful plan to implement IT at school.
Appropriate incorporation of IT into classroom activities.
Teachers innovation and imagination about IT for teaching.
Prior information for teachers about availability of IT at schools.

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