PPDGJ: Summative Modul 1 Profesional Bahasa Inggris PPGDALJAB












1.     What is the social function of the text?
To share that the will be closed without any reason
To announce that school is closed due to weather condition
To give information that school is reopen
To share the upcoming school holiday season


2.     What information is given?
The schools address the dates of closing and the dates of reopen
The weather condition, the principals message
The date of closing, classes cancellation
The length of closing

3.     Who are the target audience for such text?
Students only
The authority of the school
The member of the school including parents
Parents

4.     Who is in charge to share such information?
Teachers
Schools authority
Students
Parents

5.     Why does school need to inform this earlier?
Due to students request
Due to the parents requests
Due to the principals request
Due to the weather forecast

Big City Mountaineers Trip
Are you a freshman girl who likes to be outside, try new things, challenge yourself, and make new friends?
Freshman girls at MHS have the opportunity to apply to go on the adventure of a lifetime! Freshman girls can apply to go on a week-long canoe and camping trip this summer in the Boundary Waters through an organization called Big City Mountaineers.
You can get applications from your advisory teacher or from Ms. Becher in her office in room 2058.
There will be an informational meeting this Friday, May 11th in room 2105 starting in ASR1. Make sure you sign up on Flexisched under "Big City Mountaineers Trip" ahead of time. A representative from Big City Mountaineers will be present to answer your questions and to give you more information about the trip.
Applications for this trip are due on Friday, May 18th. You can turn in your application to your advisory teacher or to Ms. Becher in room 2058.

6.     What information is given?
The name of the school the name of the event the date
The name of the event how to join in the date of the event
The name of the event the due date the schools address
The name of the teacher the date of the event the application form

7.     Who is Ms. Becher?
Schools principal
Teachers in charge for the event
Home room teacher
Advisory teacher

8.     Who are the target audience of the announcement?

All freshmen

The juniors
The sophomore students
All freshmen girls

January 5th, 2016
Dear Andi,
How are you? How are your family members? I hope this letter finds you in the best of spirits. My son Kevin has completed his graduation in commerce and is now planning to do a course in company secretary ship. As you are my only friend in Toronto, it would be quite consid­erate of you to look for an accommodation in Toronto. It has been a long time since you visited Goldcoast, so why don't you make a programme with your family to visit your ancestral home. It is quite warm here during the day but by evening the temperature lowers down. I have got another five years to retire from my job and it is my desire that Kevin settles down. I'm also scouting for a suitable boy for Linda. If you have someone known to you who you find, is recommendable, then let me know. Convey my regards to your family members.

Thank you,

Bob
The Reply
January 7th 2016

Dear Bob,
Going through your letter, I got the impression that you are sounding too formal. Maybe that's what teaching pro­fession does to people. Anyway, you can send Kevin any any day you feel, without any second thought. I am of the opinion that your son is like my son, so instead of search­ing for an accommodation, he can stay with us. But for that you should make a trip to Toronto, it will be an occa­sion to revive old memories. As for my daughter Linda, I'll also start searching for a suitable boy very soon. In friendship there are no "ifs" and "buts", so try to reach Toronto as early as possible to sort out your matters. And do not forget to come with your family. Awaiting your ar­rival.
Your Friend Forever,
Andi

9.     What is the tone of the letter?
Formal
Semi formal
Casual
Sceptical

10.                        What is the relationship between the sender and the receiver?
Friendship
Relatives
Close friend
Family members

Text 1
In the past two years the threat of cane toads to the Top-End of Australia has become an increasing reality. Their numbers continue to steadily increase in Kakadu National Park and they are causing damage to this pristine environment. There is a number of factors to discuss how such a threat happens and this will be seen, firstly by discussing the characteristics of cane toads and then, examining their predicted long term effects on the animals of Kakadu and the tourist industry.
(Source: https://www.cdu.edu.au/sites/default/files/acike/docs/academic-essay-writing-resource.pdf)

11. The text mainly discusses ....
the endangered pristine environment
the endangered can toads
the over-populated can toads
the over-populated animals in Kakadu

12. When the text continues the following paragraph will likely start with which of the following sentence?
Kakadu National Park is the most endangered open space in Australia due to the over population of cane toads.
Because there is limited data available on the effects of cane toads on goanna frogs and crocodiles these animals won't be discussed further.
In the long term cane toads won't survive any longer in Kakadu National Park.
In comparison with native frogs, adult cane toads have a distinctive head and face.

13. The word pristine in the text has closest meaning to....
huge
important
uninhabited
unspoiled

14. When another paragraph is made, which of the sentences below will likely be suitable to start it?
Kakadu is the largest national park in Australia where cane toads wildly survive.
The endangered animals should be kept survived by well-planned cultivation program.
Another severe threat will also endanger the habitat of typical Australian animals.
In the long term Australia will have to eradicate other destructive animals like cane toads.

Text 2
Fruit is an important part of a healthy diet. However, recently, people are eating less fruit because it is becoming more expensive. This paper will argue three factors which significantly play their roles in this discussion. Firstly, it will identify key terms in the literature around food prices. Secondly, the paper will focus on fruit, and examine its role in healthy diets and evaluate recent consumption of such important crops for healthy living.

15. The main idea of the text is that....
fruit is good to consume for a healthy diet
people are recently eating less fruit
high price mainly causes low consumption of fruit
unlike any kind of vegetables fruit is healthy

16. When the text continues, the following paragraph will likely start with which of the following sentences
The rise of food prices in the last five years is indisputable.
Current fresh fruit consumption trends suggest that this perishable price hike is having a negative impact on health.
The perishable price hike has to do with what they call the diminishing farmer population.
The price of fresh food like fruit and vegetables increases further than the price of non-perishable items.

17. The word its in the text refers to....
fruit
healthy diet
the paper
price

18. Which sentence will likely appear in the concluding paragraph of the text?
They claim that fruit is a great way to access essential vitamins and minerals and that if people are not getting these vitamins and minerals then the health impacts could be devastating.
There are many different types of healthy fruits for diet such as oranges lemons cherries apples and pears.
Experts say that more economic development is needed so that people can have access to the money they need to buy the food to keep them healthy.
The evidence suggests that as a result of this people are not eating as much fruit as they were five years ago.

Traveling and visiting new countries can be an extremely thrilling experience. I usually prefer to take guided tours to explore a new destination. By so doing, I get a chance to visit its most significant landmarks, get to meet tourists from other countries and learn about the city's most popular and authentic restaurants.

19. The word thrilling in the text has closes meaning to....
exciting
exhausting
threatening
magnifying

20. The next paragraph will probably begin with which of the sentences below?
The tours are usually organized to cover many important places including buildings and open places.
The other reason to prompt me in taking tour buses is the opportunity to meet other tourists.
Upon joining professional excursions tourists discover the prominent cultural and historical buildings in cities such as monuments parks and palaces.
The tourists may get to visit all the salient landmarks learn about other cultures and get familiar with popular restaurants.

21. Which of the sentences below will probably appear in the concluding paragraph?
Under certain circumstances backpacking tours are cheaper than guided excursions.
Sharing the experience and spending time together gets you close to other people from different nationalities.
There is an increasing number of tourists visiting more interesting destination in the globe.
Although backpacking tourists may be cheap taking professional excursions is worth the cost of it.

(1) Education means considerably more than just teaching a student to read, write, and manipulate numbers. Computers, the Internet, and advanced electronic devices are becoming essential in everyday life and have changed the way information is gathered. How this new technology is utilized in the curriculum and managed by teachers will have an important role to play in widening the resource and knowledge base for all students. Technology affects the way teachers teach and students learn. To make the best use of information technology (IT), schools need a workable plan to fully integrate it into all aspects of the curriculum so students are taught how, why, and when to use technology to further enhance their learning.

(2) If a school does not have a clear plan of how and why it wishes to implement IT, then it runs the risk of wasting money. In schools today, nearly all classrooms have access to a computer. However, many schools mistake this as incorporating information technology into the curriculum. School staff need to research what IT is available and what would best serve the school's purpose, not simply purchase the latest equipment. There should be a policy stating how IT is going to assist pupils' development and what teachers want pupils to achieve. Staff members need to be clear about what they want IT to do for them before they can start incorporating it into their lessons.

(3) Information technology will be significantly useful to schools when all staff members are well-informed and fully supported. It is the principal's responsibility, and should be part of the school's plan to ensure that all staff are consulted about the changes, and the change is carefully organized. Some teachers may be resistant, especially if they have not had much experience with computers. So training teachers is essential in implementing IT into the school curriculum. Staff members must feel involved in the process of acquiring technology, and in learning how to operate it, in order for them to increase their confidence in using IT as a curriculum tool. Teachers are only going to be able to incorporate IT into their lessons if they are competent users themselves.

(4) In addition, teachers need to be aware that IT within the classroom is extremely flexible. Therefore, they need to plan what purpose IT serves in each lesson. The skills a child learns are the important part of any lesson, and it is the same with technology. IT needs to be used and understood in all subjects in the same way as the ability to read is necessary for all subjects, and "must be used across the curriculum, in the same way that a pen and pencil are used in most subject areas" .The best way to plan the use of IT in the classroom is to approach it as simply a learning tool that is more advanced (and more exciting) than the traditional pen and paper. It is vitally important for students to be taught the strategies for using IT. Children also need to be fully informed about the capabilities of IT before being asked to use it. Pupils should be aware that the contexts in which they use IT will change, and they need to know what the appropriate use of IT is and what is not. Whilst it is important that children learn to use IT effectively, teachers must emphasize that IT is not always suitable. According to experts the danger is that "computer dehumanizes people and inevitably leads them to act like machines themselves". Teachers must make sure they plan to use variety in their lessons. Too much IT instruction may be just as harmful to a child as not enough.

(5) The usefulness of IT in the classroom, as with any learning tool, depends on the innovation and imagination of the teacher. It is imperative, though, that the implementation of IT into a school is carefully planned. The current information explosion makes it essential that IT be used extensively within the classroom so children know how to use IT appropriately and effectively. Teachers must, therefore, be fully informed about what kinds of IT are available and whether or not they are appropriate for classroom use. School boards and teachers must therefore ensure that all staff have a clear plan about what they want their students to achieve through IT. The appropriate incorporation of IT into the classroom will broaden the minds and skills of students, allowing them to be better prepared for further technological advances.

22. The text is mainly discussing ....
the way how information is gathered using internet access
the way how to utilize information and technology in education
the role of information and technology in education
the advancement of information and technology

23. Paragraph 2 is mainly talking about....
the need to conduct a research to implement IT at schools
the need to make a policy how to implement IT at schools
the need to clarify what kind of IT to implement at schools
the need of having clear plans to implement IT at schools

24. Which one is NOT TRUE according to the text?
Teachers should widen their knowledge about the students.
Internet changes the way information is gathered.
Schools should make a clear plan to integrate IT into all aspects of education.
Without clear plans schools may waste a lot of money to implement IT.
25. The word manipulate in paragraph 1 has closest meaning to...
utilize
operate
calculate
change

26. The word inevitably in paragraph 4 has closest meaning to....
unhappily
unaccountably
unavoidably
unnecessarily

27. The word them in paragraph 4 refers to....
machines
teachers
people
experts

28. Where will you probably find the above text?
Journal of technology.
Pop magazines.
Newspaper.
Text books of school management.

29. Which one is TRUE according to the text?
Teachers may not make necessary plans because IT may take over it.
IT application in all subjects is vital because it is simple as a learning tool.
Teachers must acknowledge that IT may not be suitable at any time.
IT application across the curriculum is similar to the use of a pen to write.

30. What does the text strongly recommend?
A careful plan to implement IT at school.
Appropriate incorporation of IT into classroom activities.
Teachers innovation and imagination about IT for teaching.
Prior information for teachers about availability of IT at schools.


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